Will EU leaders renegotiate? If not it's Out. Out to what Jacques Delors is calling a "privileged" partnership.
By Tim Montgomerie
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There is a growing consensus among Tory Eurosceptics that the question in any referendum on Britain's future relationship with the EU should essentially be 'the common market or out'. This is what Boris Johnson has proposed and it's certainly my preferred choice too. It's based on the idea that we have a referendum at some point in the next parliament* after a successful process of renegotiation with our EU allies.
The key question concerns the willingness of our EU partners to renegotiate with us. Both Ukippers and Europhiles seem united in the view that that willingness does not exist. Today's Guardian leads with Lord Kerr's concern that Britain won't get close to getting every other EU state to sign up to anything like the kind of looser relationship that most Britons appear to want. Kerr, who helped negotiate Britain's Maastricht opt-outs with John Major, says that if Cameron offers an In/Out vote but then fails to get a good deal Britain could end up leaving the EU 'by accident':
"You could find yourself in an awkward situation in which you are stuck with a referendum pledge on the new deal and there is no new deal, or there is a new deal so trivial that it is mocked by Ukip and the press. In either scenario, it seems to me there is a risk that Cameron finds himself arguing we must go. I am sure that it is not what he wants to do."
If renegotiation doesn't happen then the chances of Britain leaving do increase. I've been sceptical of opinion polls that suggest the British people are ready to leave - the latest one pointing to a 51% to 40% advantage for quitting. In referenda there is nearly always a big swing to the status quo and even a timid resetting of Britain's EU relationship would increase that swing - especially if UK business and overseas investors mount scare campaigns (which they will). The one thing that will counter such a swing will be any hints of high-handedness from EU officials or EU leaders. That includes an unwillingness to negotiate with Britain and the kind of insulting idea propogated by Herman Van Rompuy in recent days that Britain would condemn itself to a "desert"-like existence if it chose to restore its national independence.
One EU politician that does appear to thinking things through in a sensible way is the Eurosceptics' long-time bête noire Jacques Delors. Seriously. As reported in today's Sun and Times (£) the former EU chief recognises that Britain may want out. He tells the German newspaper Handelsblatt that “if the British cannot support the trend towards more integration in Europe, we can nevertheless remain friends, but on a different basis." He continues: "I could imagine a form such as a European economic area or a free trade agreement.” The Times quotes him as affirming that Britain was “strategically and economically important” and should stay “a privileged partner”. That "privileged" word if translated correctly is significant. Some people say that the EU would punish Britain if it opted to leave. Outers have always said that UK-EU trade relations would necessitate more reasonableness. Monsieur Delors seems to be pointing the way towards that reasonableness.
* Legislation would need to be passed in this parliament to guarantee that referendum. As John Baron MP argued on ConHome a few days ago - voters aren't go to believe another manifesto promise of a referendum.