By Paul Goodman
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Karl Marx was "my father and teacher" - "the magnificent philosopher of working class violence". This helps to explain why the author of these words supported the formation of "vanguard minorities" which could "engage the sentiment, faith and will of irresolute masses": "instead of deluding the proletariat as to the possibility of eradicating all causes of bloodbaths, we wish to prepare it and accustom it to war for the day of 'the greatest bloodbath of all' when the two hostile classes will clash in the supreme trial".
That author was a young Italian socialist journalist called Benito Mussolini (see the photo on the right of this paragraph) who pre-1914, as Paul Johnson writes in his Modern Times, "took over the Italian Socialist Party at the congress of Reggio Emilia, by insisting that socialism must be Marxist, thoroughgoing, internationalist, uncompromising". All of which means that Paolo di Canio, now manager of Sunderland and an admirer of Mussolini, is being reviled on Twitter today for being...a communist, yes?